Sardinia is the second largest island of Mediterranean sea after Sicily, and it boasts such a variety of ecosystems and endemic plants to be metaphorically considered a micro-continent.
The emeral sea, the beaches of white sand, the glamourous and luxurious resorts and night clubs, and the vestigias of the thousand-year old Nuragic civilization ar just the most famous characterisitcs of this island.
Situated in the middle of Mediterranean Sea, it is mainly mountainous but, because of its ancient geoformation, peaks are not very high. The natural environment is vast and charming, yet bittersweet. In fact, a wide part of the territory still preserve its natural composition of luxuriant woods with millenary trees, small desert areas and marshes inhabited by deer, wild horses and rapacious birds. Here, the human presence does not seem to affect this territory.
The sea is surly the most important element of Sardinia, both for tourism and for the inhabitants’ life. The Mediteranean colours are so beautiful that you will not believe you eyes. In the Costa Smeralda (Emerald Coast), resorts like Porto Cervo match the unique historical heritate and an enchanting see with a joyful and colourful nightlife. The town was named after its enchanting cove that resembles the antlers of a deer; the Old Port is considered the best-equipped touristic port in the Mediterranean Sea. Porto Rotondo is another famous luxorious location with its villas and spiazza that overlooks the wide Gulf of Cugnana, suroounded by a splendid natural environment.
The Gennargentu is the highest massif of Sardinia (1,834 metres), perfect for those who prefer the mountains. This region, that boasts an enchanting landscape, is also rich in flora and fauna, such as mouflons, golden eagles, Sardinian deer and several other species, some of which are now threatened with extinction.
Histoy donate this island a peerless heritage, some of which were also recognised by UNESCO to be a world heritage (Barumini complex). Nuragic complexes are characterized by ancient buildings built using great blocks of stone, developed around a central cone-shaped tower that communicates strength and power. This mysterious community, lasting from the Bronze age to the second century AD, probably used those buildings for rituals and domestic life.
Sardinia is divided into eight provinces: Cagliari (regional capital), Carbonia-Iglesias, Nuoro, Olbia-Tempio, Oristano, Medio Campidano, Sassari and Ogliastra.